Close this search box.

Gum Disease: Recognising, Preventing, and Treating a Common Oral Health Concern

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a prevalent condition that affects many individuals, both young and old. It begins as inflammation of the gums and, if left untreated, can lead to severe dental issues, including tooth loss. Understanding the signs, causes, and treatments of gum disease is essential for maintaining optimal oral health.

Signs and symptoms

Red and Swollen Gums: One of the first signs of gum disease is redness and swelling of the gums.
Bleeding: Gums that bleed easily, especially during brushing or flossing, can indicate the onset of gum disease.
Persistent Bad Breath: Chronic bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth can be a sign of gum disease or other dental problems.
Receding Gums: Gums that pull away from the teeth, making the teeth appear longer, can be a symptom of advancing gum disease.
Loose Teeth: As gum disease progresses, it can lead to the loosening of teeth due to weakened gum and bone support.

Causes and risk factors

Plaque Build-up: The primary cause of gum disease is the build-up of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth.
Poor Oral Hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing can allow plaque to accumulate and harden into tartar, which can only be removed by an oral hygienist.
Tobacco Use: Smoking or chewing tobacco can increase the risk of gum disease and reduce the chance of successful treatment.
Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormones during pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause can make gums more susceptible to disease.
Medical Conditions: Diseases such as diabetes can increase the risk of developing gum disease.

Prevention and Treatment

Regular Oral Hygiene: Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and flossing daily is crucial. Additionally, using an antimicrobial mouthwash can help reduce plaque and bacteria.
Regular Visits to the Oral Hygienist: Routine check-ups and cleanings at the oral hygienist’s office can help detect early signs of gum disease and remove tartar build-up.
Healthy Diet: Consuming a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals can bolster the body’s defence against bacterial infections, including those in the mouth.
Avoid Tobacco: Refraining from tobacco use can significantly reduce the risk of gum disease and improve the success rate of treatment.


Gum disease is a preventable and treatable condition. With regular care, timely intervention, and guidance from oral hygienists, individuals can maintain healthy gums and a radiant smile. Remember, the health of your gums is intrinsically linked to your overall well-being, so give them the attention they deserve!